It surveys the grammatical structures, not only of Spain but also of the Americas. In other words, it roams over vast territories in the examination and analysis of a language that mingles with, and derives a rich source of expansion from, indigenous tongues like the Quechua of the Bolivians or Peruvian Incas, or the Nahuatl of the Mexican Aztecs and Mayas of Central America, or even the Palenquero, a creole language in Colombia. The principal aim of the book is to be as complete and straightforward as possible, avoiding much technical terminology that risks clouding the understanding of the linguistic processes of Spanish. It provides a point of reference for any serious student or teacher who seeks information on the broad sweep of Spanish grammar and its intricate detail, and who has already covered the basic structures of the Spanish language. It hopes to provide an instrument for all those attracted by the study and mastery of Spanish grammar by supplying close and detailed guidance on the numerous linguistic elements associated with pronunciation, alphabet, register or levels of language, gender, number, syntax, parts of speech, word order, use of verbs and the varieties within each of these elements. Its ambition is to demonstrate that, although Spanish is not identical in all places, any more than English retains an easy global homogeneity, it is a possible and desirable vehicle for foreign students of the language in communicating across frontiers and establishing a meaningful dialogue with numerous peoples who have inherited a fruitful and powerful means of expression. All grammatical features are accompanied by a wealth of natural and attested examples. These examples are often presented in the feminine form. The text avoids sexist bias and reaches out to females and males alike.